Dr. Robert Soulen, Jr., Receives 2002 Joseph F. Keithley Award
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Dr. Robert Soulen, Jr., a scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), recently received the 2002 Joseph F. Keithley Award. This award is sponsored by Keithley Instruments, Inc. and the Instrument and Measurement Science Topical Group to recognize physicists who have been instrumental in the development of measurement techniques or equipment that have impact on the physics community by providing better measurements.
Dr. Soulen is cited for "developing low temperature noise thermometry to achieve an absolute thermometer which now defines the year 2000 International Temperature Scale between 1 mK and1 K to an accuracy of 0.1%, and for other significant contributions to thermometry measurement over a distinguished career."
In 1987, Dr. Soulen come to work
at NRL in the
Materials Science and Technology Division. He has
worked as a
staff scientist, as well as a manager. His current
involves the use of a point contact between a superconductor
and a ferromagnetic metal to measure the spin polarization of
the latter. Dr. Soulen is also working to develop an explanation
for enhanced superconductivity near a metal-insulator transition
which applies equally well to high and low Tc superconductivity.
This research has led to a very successful prediction for the
phase diagram for the phenomenon of superconductivity.
Dr. Soulen received a B.A. degree in 1962 and a Ph.D. degree in 1966, both in physics from Rutgers University. He then went to work at the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology), where he held positions as a staff scientist as well as several management positions. While employed at National Bureau of Standards, Dr. Soulen was awarded the Condon Prize for outstanding scientific writing in 1976, and a Department of Commerce Gold Medal in 1979 for co-developing superconductive fixed point devices. In 1987 he left the National Bureau of Standards to come to work at NRL.
Dr. Soulen is
a fellow of the
American Physical Society, and he serves as the
for Cryogenics Magazine and for the Journal of
He has been president of the Instrument
& Measurement Topical
Group and has served on the Board of
the Applied Superconductivity
Conference. Twice, Dr. Soulen has
been the US Representative
for Thermometry to the International
Bureau des Poids et Mesures.
He was awarded a Berman
Publication Award for scientific writing
in 1998. He has
written approximately 170 scientific articles,
for Physics Today.
About the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory
The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory is the Navy's full-spectrum corporate laboratory, conducting a broadly based multidisciplinary program of scientific research and advanced technological development. The Laboratory, with a total complement of approximately 2,500 personnel, is located in southwest Washington, D.C., with other major sites at the Stennis Space Center, Miss., and Monterey, Calif. NRL has served the Navy and the nation for over 90 years and continues to meet the complex technological challenges of today's world. For more information, visit the NRL homepage or join the conversation on Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.
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