Dr. Robert Soulen, Jr., Receives 2002 Joseph F. Keithley Award


3/18/2002 - 21-02r
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Dr. Robert Soulen, Jr., a scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), recently received the 2002 Joseph F. Keithley Award. This award is sponsored by Keithley Instruments, Inc. and the Instrument and Measurement Science Topical Group to recognize physicists who have been instrumental in the development of measurement techniques or equipment that have impact on the physics community by providing better measurements.

Dr. Soulen is cited for "developing low temperature noise thermometry to achieve an absolute thermometer which now defines the year 2000 International Temperature Scale between 1 mK and1 K to an accuracy of 0.1%, and for other significant contributions to thermometry measurement over a distinguished career."

In 1987, Dr. Soulen come to work at NRL in the Materials Science and Technology Division. He has worked as a staff scientist, as well as a manager. His current research involves the use of a point contact between a superconductor and a ferromagnetic metal to measure the spin polarization of the latter. Dr. Soulen is also working to develop an explanation for enhanced superconductivity near a metal-insulator transition which applies equally well to high and low Tc superconductivity. This research has led to a very successful prediction for the phase diagram for the phenomenon of superconductivity.

Dr. Soulen received a B.A. degree in 1962 and a Ph.D. degree in 1966, both in physics from Rutgers University. He then went to work at the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology), where he held positions as a staff scientist as well as several management positions. While employed at National Bureau of Standards, Dr. Soulen was awarded the Condon Prize for outstanding scientific writing in 1976, and a Department of Commerce Gold Medal in 1979 for co-developing superconductive fixed point devices. In 1987 he left the National Bureau of Standards to come to work at NRL.

Dr. Soulen is a fellow of the American Physical Society, and he serves as the Associate Editor for Cryogenics Magazine and for the Journal of Superconductivity. He has been president of the Instrument & Measurement Topical Group and has served on the Board of the Applied Superconductivity Conference. Twice, Dr. Soulen has been the US Representative for Thermometry to the International Bureau des Poids et Mesures. He was awarded a Berman Publication Award for scientific writing in 1998. He has written approximately 170 scientific articles, including two for Physics Today.



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