Dr. Elaine Oran Elected to the National Academy of Engineering

3/6/2003 - 18-03r
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Dr. Elaine S. Oran, Senior Scientist for Reactive Flow Physics in the Laboratory for Computational Physics and Fluid Dynamics at the Naval Research Laboratory, has been elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She is recognized for her work in unifying engineering, scientific, and mathematical disciplines into a computational methodology to solve challenging aerospace combustion problems.

Dr. Oran is known for her pioneering applications of numerical simulation for solving problems in fluid dynamics and reacting flows. She has made pivotal contributions to a broad range of problems in combustion and propulsion, atmospheric physics, and solar physics and astrophysics. Her work has contributed to both basic science and to advanced engineering applications. She has well over 300 publications to her credit, and these have been published in a wide range of scientific journals, proceedings, and magazines. With Dr. Jay P. Boris, she has coauthored the book Numerical Simulation of Reactive Flow, whose second edition was published by Cambridge University Press in 2001. Her current areas of research include microfluids (the dynamics of flows in micro- and nanodevices), the physics of deflagrations and detonations, and the physics of astrophysical supernovae.

Dr. Oran is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), a previous AIAA Vice President for Publications and a member of the AIAA Board of Directors. She is currently the Editor-in-Chief of AIAA Journal. She is also a Fellow of the American Physical Society, one of the founders and previous chairs of the Society's Division of Computational Physics, and is active in the Division of Fluid Dynamics. Dr. Oran has recently finished two terms on the Board of Directors of the Combustion Institute, and is Vice President of the Institute of the Dynamics of Energetic and Reactive Systems. Previously, she was Managing Editor of the journal Shock Waves and an Associate Editor of the Journal of Computational Physics.

In 1979, Dr. Oran received the Arthur S. Fleming Award and in 1988 the WISE Award in Science, given for achievement in science by Women in Science and Engineering. In 1999, she received the Oppenheim Prize for "outstanding contributions to the theory of the dynamics of explosions and reactive systems." And in 2000, she received the Ya. B. Zeldovich Gold Medal, prepared by the Russian Academy of Sciences for the Combustion Institute, and given for "outstanding contributions to the theory of combustion and detonations." In 2001 she became an Honorary Professor of the University of Wales. In 2002 she received the Dryden Lectureship in Research Award, presented by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. She was formally inducted into the Women In Technology International (WITI) Hall of Fame in June 2002.

Dr. Oran received her A.B. degree in physics and chemistry from Bryn Mawr College in 1966. She earned her M.Ph. degree in physics in 1968 and her Ph.D. degree in engineering and applied science in 1972, both from Yale University. She has been at NRL since 1972.

Election to the National Academy of Engineering is among the highest professional distinctions accorded an engineer. Academy membership honors those who have made "important contributions to engineering theory and practice, including significant contributions to the literature of engineering theory and practice," and those who have demonstrated accomplishment in "the pioneering of new fields of engineering, making major advancements in traditional fields of engineering, or developing/implementing innovative approaches to engineering education."

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