Earth System Prediction Capability
Long-range mission planning is vital to Naval operations and often performed months in advance. Knowing the environment where ships, aircraft, Sailors and Marines will be operating is crucial information. Historically, planners have had to rely only on climatological conditions, but climatology only provides the average conditions of the environment and can be far different from reality. This need to know what to expect in the total environment is why researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory are working on extending the limits of environmental prediction by developing a globally-coupled model called the Earth System Prediction Capability, or ESPC.