Code 6113 promotes the use of new and improved energy and power sources for Naval applications via the study and invention of new power sources, power source components and the methods to fabricate them. The group explores topics ranging energy harvesting for micropower to new materials for large-scale power production. Emphasis is on electrochemical devices such as fuel cells and batteries, with underpinnings in materials science and biology and fuels, and also microbiological methods for fuel production and electrical conduction. The new power/energy sources are designed for sensors, communication devices and vehicles in collaboration with other NRL divisions. Group members also serve as advisors on energy issues related to the Navy, USMC, DoD, and IC.

Selected Publications

2008 Gatewood, D. S., T. L. Schull, O. Baturina, J. J. Pietron, Y. Garsany, K. E. Swider-Lyons, and D. E. Ramaker, "Characterization of Ligand Effects on Water Activation in Triarylphosphine-Stabilized Pt Nanoparticle Catalysts by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy", Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, pp. 4961-4970, 2008.
2008 Pietron, J. J., Y. Garsany, O. Baturina, K. E. Swider-Lyons, and T. L. Schull, "Electrochemical Observation of Ligand Effects on Oxygen Reduction at Ligand-Stabilized Pt Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts", Electrochemical Solid State Letters, vol. 11, pp. B161-B165, 2008.
2008 Gatewood, D. S., D. E. Ramaker, K. Sasaki, and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Support Effects on Water Activation and Oxygen Reduction over Au–SnOx Electrocatalysts Observed with X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155, issue 8, pp. B834-B842, 2008.
2008 Biffinger, J. C., J. N. Byrd, B. L. Dudley, and B. R. Ringeisen, "Oxygen Exposure Promotes Fuel Diversity for Shewanella Oneidensis Microbial Fuel Cells", Biosensors & Bioelectronics, vol. 23, issue 6, pp. 820-826, 2008.
2008 Othon, C. M., X. Wu, J. J. Anders, and B. R. Ringeisen, "Single Cell Printing to Form Three Dimensional Lines of Olfactory Ensheathing Cells", Biomedical Materials, vol. 3, issue 3, 2008.
2008 Ringeisen, B. R., J. A. Barron, and D. B. Krizman, "Review of Cell and Organ Printing Patents", Recent Patents in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 1, issue 2, pp. 92-102, 2008.
2008 Biffinger, J. C., J. J. Pietron, O. Bretschger, L. J. Nadeau, G. R. Johnson, C. C. Williams, K. H. Nealson, and B. R. Ringeisen, "The Influence of Acidity on Microbial Fuel Cells Containing Shewanella oneidensis", Biosensors & Bioelectronics, vol. 24, issue 4, pp. 906-911, 2008.
2008 Biffinger, J. C., M. Ribbens, B. R. Ringeisen, J. J. Pietron, S. Finkel, and K. H. Nealson, "Characterization of Electrochemically Active Bacteria (EAB) Utilizing a High-Throughput Voltage-Based Screening Assay", Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 102, issue 2, pp. 436-444, 2008.
2008 Othon, C. M., A. R. Laracuente, H. D. Ladouceur, and B. R. Ringeisen, "Sub-Micron Parallel Laser Direct-Write", Applied Surface Science, vol. 255, issue 5, pp. 3407-3413, 2008.
2007 Stux, A. M., and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Li2RuO3 and LiFePO4: Towards a Low Impedance Composite Cathode", ECS Transactions, vol. 3, issue 36, pp. 37-44, 2007.
2007 Garsany, Y., O. Baturina, and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Impact of SO2 on the Kinetics of Pt3Co/ Vulcan Carbon Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction", ECS Transactions, vol. 11, issue 1, pp. 863-875, 2007.
2007 Baturina, O., Y. Garsany, T. Zega, R. Stroud, and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Platinum/Tantalum Oxide Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells", ECS Transactions, vol. 11, issue 1, pp. 197-204, 2007.
2007 Gatewood, D. S., D. E. Ramaker, K. Sasaki, and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Establishing the Mechanism for Oxygen Reduction on Au/SnOx using in situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy", ECS Transactions, vol. 11, issue 1, pp. 271-276, 2007.
2007 Stroman, R. O., and A. Kahn, "Development and Integration of Controls for a PEMFC Powered Aircraft", ECS Transactions, vol. 11, issue 1, pp. 1493-1504, 2007.
2007 Stux, A. M., and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Improved High Power Li-ion Batteries with Li2RuO3 Addition: A Fast Charging and Fast Cycling Study", Journal of Power Sources, vol. 165, issue 2, pp. 635-639, 2007.
2007 Schull, T. L., L. Henley, J. R. Deschamps, R. J. Butcher, D. P. Maher, C. A. Klug, K. E. Swider-Lyons, W. J. Dressick, B. Bujoli, A. E. Greenwood, et al., "Organometallic Supramolecular Mixed Valence Cobalt(I)/Cobalt(II) Aquo Complexes Stabilized with the Water-Soluble Phosphine Ligand p-TPPTP (p-triphenylphosphine triphosphonic acid)", Organometallics, vol. 26, pp. 2272-2276, 2007.
2007 Garsany, Y., O. Baturina, and K. E. Swider-Lyons, "Impact of Sulfur Dioxide on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Platinum/Vulcan Carbon", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, pp. B670-B675, 2007.
2007 Laberty, C., F. Zhao, K. E. Swider-Lyons, and A. V. Virkar, "High Performance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes with Lanthanum-Nickelate-Based Composites", Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 10, issue 10, pp. B170-B174, 2007.
2007 Dmowski, W., T. Egami, K. E. Swider-Lyons, S. Dai, and S. H. Overbury, "Local Atomic Structure of Nanocrystalline Catalytic Materials", Zeitschrift Fur Kristallographie, vol. 222, 2007.
2007 Biffinger, J. C., R. Ray, B. Little, and B. R. Ringeisen, "Diversifying Biological Fuel Cell Designs Using Nanoporous Filters", Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 41, issue 4, pp. 1444-1449, 2007.
2007 Ringeisen, B. R., R. Ray, and B. Little, "A Miniature Microbial Fuel Cell Operating With an Aerobic Anode Chamber", Journal of Power Sources, vol. 165, issue 2, pp. 591-597, 2007.
2007 Biffinger, J. C., J. J. Pietron, R. Ray, B. Little, and B. R. Ringeisen, "A Biofilm Enhanced Miniature Microbial Fuel Cell Using Shewanella Oneidensis DSP10 and Oxygen Reduction Cathodes", Biosensors & Bioelectronics, vol. 22, issue 8, pp. 1672-1679, 2007.
2006 Ringeisen, B. R., E. Henderson, P. K. Wu, J. J. Pietron, R. Ray, B. Little, J. C. Biffinger, and J. M. Jones-Meehan, "High Power Density from a Miniature Microbial Fuel Cell using Shewanella oneidensis DSP10", Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 40, issue 8, pp. 2629-2634, 2006.
2006 Ringeisen, B. R., C. M. Othon, J. A. Barron, D. Young, and B. J. Spargo, "Jet-based Methods to Print Living Cells", Biotechnology Journal, vol. 1, issue 9, pp. 930-948, 2006.