The Navy Technology Center for Safety and Survivability conducts basic and applied research and development in a wide range of programs concerned with personnel safety and platform survivability. The programs are aimed at the solution of current and future Navy problems in the fields of theoretical chemistry, combustion science, fire extinguishment, fire modeling and scaling, damage control, mobility fuels chemistry and analytics, lithium battery safety, and hazardous chemical and explosives detection. The research scope spans closely coupled theoretical and experimental studies in laboratory-scale to intermediate and real-scale. The breadth of the branch is very wide with research in the most fundamental areas in the Theoretical Chemistry Section, to the most applied in the Shipboard and Field Operations Section. There are four sections within the Center:

  • Chemical Sensing and Fuel Technology, Code 6181
  • Combustion and Reacting Transport, Code 6185
  • Shipboard and Field Operations, Code 6186
  • Theoretical Chemistry, Code 6189

The Chemical Sensing and Fuel Technology Section is concerned with detection and monitoring of hazardous chemicals and mobility fuel analytics. Detection methods include trace chemical analysis, novel chemical sensors, and multisensory systems as well as a strong emphasis on sophisticated data analysis methods and intelligent data fusion. The Combustion and Reacting Transport Section conducts basic and applied research in the areas of combustion and fire science with a strong emphasis on spectroscopic measurements with kinetic and continuum modeling. The research scope spans studies in laboratory flow reactors and small burners to intermediate and real-scale combustion and fire experiments. The Shipboard and Field Operations Section operates the Naval Fire Safety & Combustion Research and Evaluation Facility at the Chesapeake Bay Detachment and in conjunction with the Coast Guard Research and Development Center operates the Joint Maritime Test Facility in Mobile, AL. The facility at CBD is dedicated to integrated Research, Development, Test and Evaluation studies on active and passive fire protection, lithium battery safety, combustion science and oil spill remediation. The Joint Maritime Test Facility consists of Little Sand Island with an in-situ Burn Pan, supported by a fleet of four boats and a shore-based facility. The Theoretical Chemistry Section's research aims to increase our fundamental understanding of the chemical and electronic properties of materials, surfaces, clusters, and molecules with potential importance to the Navy. The Section also provides the theoretical underpinning for planning, guiding, and interpreting the experimental studies in the Chemistry Division.

Selected Publications

2017 Ekuma, C.E., and D. Gunlycke, "First Principle-Based Method for Electron Localization: Application to Monolayer Hexagonal Boron Nitride", Physical Review Letter, vol. 118, pp. 106404 , 2017.
2017 Fischer, S.A., B. I. Dunlap, and L.D. Gunlycke, "Protonic Transport through Hydrated Chitosan-Based Polymer Membranes under Electric Fields", Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, vol. 55, 2017.
2017 Palenik, M.C., and B. I. Dunlap, "General Degeneracy in Density Functional Perturbation Theory", Physical Review B, vol. 96, pp. 045109, 2017.
2017 Schweigert, I.V., and D. Gunlycke, "Hydrolysis of Dimethyl Methylphosphonate by the Cyclic Tetramer of Zirconium Hydroxide", Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 217, issue 7690 , 2017.
2017 Collins, G.E., M. P. Malito, C. R. Tamanaha, M.H. Hammond, B.C. Giordano, A.L. Lubrano, C.R. Field, D.A. Rogers, R.A. Jeffries, R.J. Colton, et al., "Trace Explosives Sensor Testbed (TESTbed)", Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 88, pp. 034104, 2017.
2017 DeGreeff, L.E., M. Cerreta, and M. Rispoli, "Feasibility of Canine Detection of Mass Storage Devices: A Study of Volatile Organic Compounds Emanating from Electronic Devices Using Solid Phase Microextraction", Journal of Forensic Sciences , vol. 62, pp. 1613–1616, 2017.
2017 Loegel, T.N., R.E. Morris, and I. Leska, "The Detection and Quantification of Metal Deactivator Additives in Jet and Diesel Fuel by Liquid Chromatography", Energy and Fuels, vol. 31, issue 4, pp. 3629-3634 , 2017.
2017 Fisher, B.T., J.S. Cowart, M.R. Weismiller, Z.J. Huba, and A. Epshteyn, "Effects of Amorphous TiAlB Nanopowder Additives on Combustion in a Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine", Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 139, pp. 0928021-0928028 , 2017.
2017 Hinnant, K.M., M.W. Conroy, and R. Ananth, "Influence of Fuel on Foam Degradation for Fluorinated and Fluorine-Free Foams", Colloids and Interfaces: A, vol. 522, pp. 1-17, 2017.