The Combustion and Reacting Transport Section at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory addresses the Navy’s basic, applied, and advanced research needs in the areas of combustion, fire science, and a wide range of systems. Systems that contain multiple phases, chemical dynamics, and the transport of mass, energy, chemical species, and momentum. With many of our research topics, we are concerned with multi-mode (diffusive, turbulent, radiative) transport behavior between phases (plasma, gas, liquid, solid) and miscibility (aqueous, hydrocarbon).

This is a broad-based research program that includes fundamental combustion concepts and processes, spectroscopic measurements, kinetic and continuum modeling, molecular dynamics, flame propagation, enhancement and inhibition phenomena, fire behavior, and fire protection engineering. The research scope spans studies in laboratory flow reactors and small burners to intermediate and real-scale combustion and fire experiments. The Section also advises other federal agencies on a range of research topics. Research from the section has been printed in manuscripts and presented through the Combustion Institute, the International Association for Fire Safety Science, and the ASME Turbo Expo.

Selected Publications

2008 "Towards Accurate Kinetic Modeling of Prompt NO Formation in Hydrocarbon Flames via the NCN Pathway", Combustion and Flame, vol. 154, pp. 630-636, 2008.
2008 Sheinson, R. S., and B. A. Williams, "Preserving shipboard AFFF fire protection system performance while preventing hydrogen sulfide formation", Fire Technology, vol. 44, pp. 285-295, 2008.
2008 Sutton, J. A., B. T. Fisher, and J. W. Fleming, "A Laser Induced Fluorescence Measurement for Aqueous Fluid Flows with Improved Temperature Sensitivity", Experiments in Fluids, vol. 45, pp. 869-881, 2008.
2008 Sutton, J. A., B. A. Williams, and J. W. Fleming, "Laser-Induced Fluorescence Measurements of NCN in Low Pressure CH4/O2/N2 Flames and Its Role in Prompt NO Formation", Combustion and Flame, vol. 153, issue 3, pp. 465-478, 2008.
2007 Adiga, K. C., R. F. Hatcher, R. S. Sheinson, F. W. Williams, and S. Ayers, "A Computational and Experimental Study of Ultra Fine Water Mist as a Total Flooding Agent", Fire Safety Journal, vol. 42, issue 2, pp. 150-160, 2007.
2007 Awtry, A. R., B. T. Fisher, R. A. Moffatt, V. Ebert, and J. W. Fleming, "Simultaneous Diodo Laser Based In Situ Quantification of Oxygen, Carbon Monoxide, Water Vapor and Liquid Water in a Dense Water Mist Environment", Combustion Institute, vol. 31, pp. 799-806, 2007.
2007 Fisher, B. T., A. R. Awtry, R. S. Sheinson, and J. W. Fleming, "Flow Behavior Impact on the Suppression Effectiveness of sub-10-µm Water Drops in Propane/Air Co-flow Non-Premixed Flames", Combustion Institute, vol. 31, pp. 2731-2739, 2007.
2007 Williams, B. A., and J. W. Fleming, "Experimental and Modeling Study of NO Formation in 10 Torr Methane and Propane Flames: Evidence for Additional Prompt-NO Precursors", Combustion Institute, vol. 31, pp. 1109-1117, 2007.
2006 Awtry, A. R., J. W. Fleming, and V. Ebert, "Simultaneous diode laser based in situ measurement of liquid water content and oxygen mole fraction in dense water mist environments", Optics Letters, vol. 31, issue 7, pp. 900-902, 2006.