The first successful satellite in the Living Plume Shield series, called LIPS II, was launched in early 1983. It was developed from a launch vehicle protective shield that is usually jettisoned in space. The LIPS II satellite was used as a demonstration program to prove the capability of direct downlink of tactical data from a low earth orbiting spacecraft.
LIPS III, launched in 1987, provided a test bed for new space power sources. The 138-pound spacecraft provided data obtained from over 140 new solar-cell experiments configured on what would have been space debris.
Like its predecessors, LIPS III was designed and built in less than a year. The LIPS satellites were designed, built, and tested by the SED at NRL's Payload Processing Facility in Washington, D.C.
|Name||Launch Date||Launch Vehicle||Useful Life||Comments|
|LIPS I||8 December 1980||Atlas F||---------||Launch vehicle failed|
|LIPS II||9 February 1983||Atlas F||Still operating||Operation satisfactory|
|LIPS III||15 May 1987||Atlas F||Still operating||Operation satisfactory|