The beginning of research into Quantum Information Science (QIS) can be traced to theoretical physicist, Richard Feynman, Ph.D. In 1982 he proposed that computers that take advantage of quantum mechanical principles may have certain advantages over classical computers. Since then, researchers have proposed or demonstrated various methods of using quantum information to achieve results that cannot be obtained with classical physics. One of the most striking proposals is the quantum computer itself. NRL has been conducting fundamental research in quantum for nearly 30 years in the key areas of positioning, navigation and timing, computing, sensing, and algorithms. Perhaps the most visible recent announcement was the 2015 receipt of a three-year, $45 million award funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering’s Applied Research for the Advancement of S&T Priorities, or ARAP, program. The ARAP award for NRL with ARL and AFRL provided funding to develop the first U.S prototype of a scalable quantum network with memory.